While the pervasiveness of digital communication is undeniable, the numerous traces left by users-customers are collected and used for commercial purposes. The creation of digital research objects should provide the scientific community with ways to access and analyze them. Particularly in linguistics, the diversity and quantity of texts present on the internet have to be better assessed in order to make current text corpora available, allowing for the description of the variety of languages uses and ongoing changes. In addition, transferring the field of analysis from traditional written text corpora to texts taken from the web results in the creation of new tools and new observables. We must therefore provide the necessary theoretical and practical background to establish scientific criteria for research on these texts.
This is the subject of my PhD work which has been performed under the supervision of Benoît Habert and which led to a thesis entitled Ad hoc and general-purpose corpus construction from web sources, defended on June 19th 2015 at the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon to obtain the degree of doctor of philosophy in linguistics.
At the beginning of the first chapter the interdisciplinary setting between linguistics, corpus linguistics, and computational linguistics …more ...